To ensure a vehicle is fit for the public roads, every transport vehicle must possess a valid vehicle fitness certificate (FC) issued by a Transport Department. A fitness certificate ensures that your vehicle is in excellent condition and that it is not a contributor to pollution (via motor vehicle emissions). In accordance with the Motor Vehicle Act, section 56, a transport vehicle is not deemed to be valid unless it carries a Fitness Certificate. The drivers or owners operating transport vehicles without a valid fitness certificate will be imposed a fine of ₹5000 for the first offense and ₹10,000 for the second or subsequent offense. In addition to the penalty, vehicle owners or drivers can even be sent to prison.